Ending malaria. Achieving marriage equality. Dramatically reducing teen smoking. Surmounting these and other daunting social challenges can require an “invisible hand” that amplifies the efforts of many other players in the field. These behind-the-scenes catalysts are built to win campaigns, not to last forever, and they are galvanizing population-level change.
Calculating the social return on a big philanthropic investment is a grueling but necessary challenge.
Investing in smart strategies and passionate people.
A conversation with Julie Sunderland, founding director of Program Related Investments at the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.