1 “Hamburg Declaration,” UNESCO, 1997.
2 “Financial Education Progress Report,” OECD, 2014.
3 Natalie De La Cruz, Benjamin Crookston, Bobbi Gray, et al., “Microfinance Against Malaria: Impact of Freedom from Hunger’s Malaria Education When Delivered by Rural Banks in Ghana,” Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 103, no. 12, 2009, pp. 1229-36. Craig Tower, Eric Noggle, and Guy Stuart, “Consumer Education for Branchless Banking Outcomes Assessment,” 2014, Zoona and VisionFund, Zambia. Ronald G. Victor, Joseph E. Ravenell, Andrew Freeman, et al., “Effectiveness of a Barber-Based Intervention for Improving Hypertension Control in Black Men: The Barber-1 Study: A Cluster Randomized Trial,” Arch Intern Med, vol. 171, no. 4, 2001, pp. 342-50.
5 Mark Granovetter, “Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness,” American Journal of Sociology, vol. 91, no. 3, 1985, pp. 481-510.
6 Victor et al., 2011, p. 342.
8 Elizabeth City, Richard Elmore, Sarah E. Fiarman, et al., Instructional Rounds in Education: A Network Approach to Improving Teaching and Learning, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard Education Press, 2009.
9 Colorado Black Health Collaborative, “The Barbershop and Salon Health Outreach Program Toolkit,” Kaiser Permanente, 2015.
10 Victor et al., 2011.
11 The Dallas study was designed by Ronald G. Victor, MD; Anne Freeman, MSPH; David Leonard, PhD; Deepa G. Bhat, ME; Patricia Knowles; and Robert W. Haley. In Ghana, Freedom from Hunger designed the curriculum, and researchers Bobbi Gray and Kirk Dearden participated in the design of the study. In Zambia, the designers were staff from Microfinance Opportunities and drew on its Financial Education Core Curriculum, which it developed in collaboration with Freedom from Hunger.
12 The Dallas study was supported by funds from the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute, the Donald W. Reynolds Foundation, the Aetna Foundation Regional Healthy Disparity Program, Pfizer, Biovail, the University of Texas Southwestern, the Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute, The Lincy Foundation, and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Funding for the Ghana study was provided by the GlaxoSmithKline Africa Malaria Partnership. The Zambia study funding came from the MasterCard Foundation.
13 “HIV/AIDS Prevention on Southern China’s Road Projects: A Case of Embedded Education,” Embedded Education Case Study, Ash Center, forthcoming, Harvard University.
14 “Strategy 2020: The Long-Term Strategic Framework for the Asian Development Bank: 2008-2020,” 2008, Asian Development Bank.
15 “Health Education in China’s Factories: A Case of Embedded Education,” Embedded Education Case Study, Ash Center, Harvard University, forthcoming.
16 Tower et al., p. 26.
17 Ibid., p. 27.
18 John Alford, “Public Value from Co-production by Clients,” Public Sector, vol. 32,
no. 4, 2009.
19 De La Cruz et al., p. 1235.
21 Victor et al., 2011.
22 Jorrit de Jong and Gowher Rizvi, eds., The State of Access: Success and Failure of Democracies to Create Equal Opportunities, Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution, 2009.