Health care in India—like the United States—is far from universal. It’s not only privatized but also deeply unequal, heavily favoring wealthy patients who have access to urban centers. According to most estimates, health insurance policies cover less than 10 percent of India’s 1.2 billion population, and the national government has mostly failed to fill in the gaps. Public spending on health care is only about 1 percent of India’s GDP, one of the lowest rates in the world. The government of the …

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