1 See Nadim F. Matta and Ronald N. Ashkenas, “Why Good Projects Fail Anyway,” Harvard Business Review, September 2003.
2 Other developing countries include Eritrea, Ghana, India, Kenya, Mozambique, Nicaragua, and Sierra Leone.
3 The Rapid Results Institute introduced this work and developed local resources to
support it in Ethiopia, Rwanda, Sudan, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Resources trained by
Schaffer and the institute in turn introduced this work in Burundi, the Central African Republic, Liberia, and Tanzania.
4 Ron Heifetz and Marty Linsky, Leadership on the Line: Staying Alive Through the Dangers of Leading, Boston: Harvard Business Press, 2002.
5 At GDP of $700 per capita, Madagascar in 2005 was tied with Afghanistan and the
Republic of Congo for 141st out of 145 rankings.
6 We refer to these as Rapid Results initiatives rather than Rapid Results projects to
avoid confusing this work with development projects that are often multiyear efforts.
7 For a detailed account, see Nadim Matta, “Unleashing Capacity in Developing Countries,” in Rapid Results! How 100-Day Projects Build the Capacity for Large-Scale Change, by Robert Schaffer and Ron Ashkenas, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2005.