1 “The Strong Field Framework: A Guide and Toolkit for Funders and Nonprofits Committed to Large-Scale Impact,” Focus, James Irvine Foundation, June 2009.
2 The growing interest in field-building intermediaries has been captured in a range of reports, including: Lucy Bernholz and Tony Wang, “Building Fields for Policy Change,” Blueprint Research + Design, Inc., 2010.
3 John Kania and Mark Kramer, “Collective Impact,” Stanford Social Innovation Review, Winter 2011.
4 The field catalysts we identified in the 15 fields were: Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa; Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids; Community Solutions; Freedom to Marry; Global Alliance Vaccine Initiative; Global Polio Eradication Initiative; National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy; Roll Back Malaria; Center to Prevent Childhood Obesity; Coalition to Transform Advanced Care; Energy Efficiency for All; Generation Citizen; Healthy Food America; National Youth Employment Coalition; Share Our Strength (No Kid Hungry Campaign).
5 One of the authors of a 2015 National Bureau of Economic Research study on the subject argues that Sesame Street is “the largest and least costly [early childhood] intervention that’s ever been implemented in the United States,” comparing it to Head Start in its effect on children’s cognitive learning. Alia Wong, “The Sesame Street Effect,” The Atlantic, June 17, 2015.
6 The other successful catalyst, the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, has an annual budget of more than $1 billion, in part because the World Health Organization uses it to funnel all re-granting for polio.
7 Jim Collins and Jerry I. Porras, Built to Last: Successful Habits of Visionary Companies, New York: HarperBusiness, 1994.
8 Jeffrey Walker, “Join the Band: Meditations on Social Change,” TEDx, December 2016.
9 “Hearts & Minds,” Civil Marriage Collaborative, November 2015, page 10.
10 Jim Collins, Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap ... and Others Don’t, New York: HarperBusiness, 2001.
11 “Improving the Lives and Future Prospects of Children and Families,” 2015 Annual Report, National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy.
12 “Foundation Directory Online Professional,” Foundation Center.
13 Michael Mankins and Jenny Davis-Peccoud, “Decision-Focused Meetings,” Bain Brief, June 7, 2011.
14 Alex Perry, Lifeblood: How to Change the World One Dead Mosquito at a Time, New York: Public Affairs, 2011.