In recent years, organizations across the United States have attempted to reduce the number of incarcerated people by focusing on state and federal prison reform. But they haven’t spent as much attention and money on reforming local jails, which are responsible for most US incarcerations. Since the 1980s, jail populations—and the costs of building and running jails—have increased threefold. And more than 50 percent of incarcerated individuals are black or Latino, even though these racial...

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