1 Pascaline Dupas, “Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya,” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, vol. 3, no. 1, 2011, pp. 1-34.
2 Kaushik Basu argues that, because tomorrow is a new context, we cannot assume that a program that worked in Kenya yesterday will be effective in Kenya tomorrow. See his article “The method of randomization and the role of reasoned intuition,” Policy Research working paper, no. WPS 6722, World Bank Group.
3 See Lant Pritchett and Justin Sandefur, “Context Matters for Size: Why External Validity Claims and Development Practice Do Not Mix,” Journal of Globalization and Development, vol. 4, no. 2, 2013, pp. 161-197.
4 For a discussion of how experiments can be designed to test mechanisms, see Ludwig, Jens, Jeffrey R. Kling, and Sendhil Mullainathan, “Mechanism Experiments and Policy Evaluations,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol. 25, no. 3, 2011, pp. 17-38.
5 Abhijit Banerjee, Esther Duflo, Rachel Glennerster, and Dhruva Kothari, “Improving Immunisation Coverage in Rural India: Clustered Randomised Controlled Evaluation of Immunisation Campaigns with and without Incentives,” BMJ, 340:c2220, 2010, pp. 1-9.
6 Pascaline Dupas and Edward Miguel, “Impacts and Determinants of Health Levels in Low-Income Countries,” NBER Working Paper Series, no. w22235, 2016.
7 See Neil Buddy Shah, Paul Wang, Andrew Fraker, and Daniel Gastfriend, “Evaluations with impact: Decision-focused impact evaluation as a practical policymaking tool,” 25, 3ie Working Paper, 2015.
8 For more details, see Dina Grossman, “Incentives for Immunization,” J-PAL Policy Briefcase, November 2011.
9 See Michael Kremer and Rachel Glennerster, “Chapter Four: Improving Health in Developing Countries: Evidence from Randomized Evaluations,” Handbook of Health Economics, edited by Mark V. Pauly, Thomas G. Mcguire, and Pedro P. Barros, vol. 2, 2011, pp. 201–315. Also see Pascaline Dupas, “Health Behavior in Developing Countries,” Annual Review of Economics, vol. 3, 2011, pp. 425-449.
10 Jessica Cohen and Pascaline Dupas, “Free Distribution or Cost-Sharing? Evidence from a Randomized Malaria Prevention Experiment,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 125, no. 1, 2010, pp. 1–45.
11 Rebecca L. Thornton, “The Demand for, and Impact of, Learning HIV Status,” American Economic Review, vol. 98, no. 5, 2008, pp. 1829–1863.
12 Philip J. Cook, Kenneth Dodge, George Farkas, Roland G. Fryer Jr., Jonathan Guryan, Jens Ludwig, Susan Mayer, Harold Pollack, and Laurence Steinberg, “Not Too Late: Improving Academic Outcomes for Disadvantaged Youth,” Institute for Policy Research Northwestern University Working Paper WP-15-01, 2015.
13 Roland G. Fryer, “Injecting Charter School Best Practices into Traditional Public Schools: Evidence from Field Experiments,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, vol. 129, no. 3, 2014, pp. 1355–1407.
14 Paul Glewwe, Michael Kremer, and Sylvie Moulin, “Many Children Left Behind? Textbooks and Test Scores in Kenya,” American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, vol. 1, no. 1, 2009, pp. 112–135.
15 Esther Duflo, Pascaline Dupas, and Michael Kremer, “Peer Effects, Teacher Incentives, and the Impact of Tracking: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Kenya,” American Economic Review, vol. 101, no. 5, 2011, pp. 1739-1774.
16 Abhijit Banerjee, Rukmini Banerji, James Berry, Esther Duflo, Harini Kannan, Shobhini Mukherji, Marc Shotland, and Michael Walton, “Mainstreaming an Effective Intervention: Evidence from Randomized Evaluations of ‘Teaching at the Right Level’ in India,” NBER Working Paper Series, no. w22746, 2016.