1 Arnulf Grubler et al., “Chapter 24: Policies for the Energy Technology Innovation System (ETIS),” in Global Energy Assessment: Toward a Sustainable Future, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012, pp. 1665–1744.
2 International Energy Agency, Energy Technology Perspectives 2016: Towards Sustainable Urban Energy Systems, 2016.
3 Ernest Moniz, “How We Solve Climate Change,” US Department of Energy, Energy.gov, December 5, 2015.
4 Goksin Kavlak, James McNerney, and Jessika E. Trancik, “Evaluating the Changing Causes of Photovoltaics Cost Reduction,” Social Science Research Network, 2016.
5 Varun Sivaram and Shayle Kann, “Solar Power Needs a More Ambitious Cost Target,” Nature Energy, 1, 2016, pp. 1–3.
6 David Berney Needleman et al., “Economically Sustainable Scaling of Photovoltaics to Meet Climate Targets,” Energy & Environmental Science, 9, 2016, pp. 2122–2129. See also Sarah Kurtz et al., “Solar Research Not Finished,” Nature Photonics, 10, 2016, pp. 141–142.
7 Leon Clarke et al., in Ottmar Edenhofer et al., eds., Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
8 Will Gornall and Ilya A. Strebulaev, “The Economic Impact of Venture Capital: Evidence from Public Companies,” Stanford University Graduate School of Business Research Paper No. 15-55, 2015.
9 Benjamin Gaddy, Varun Sivaram, and Francis O’Sullivan, Venture Capital and Cleantech: The Wrong Model for Clean Energy Innovation, MIT Energy Initiative, 2016.
10 Ben Veghte, “Corporate Venture Investment to Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Hits Fifteen Year High in 2015,” National Venture Capital Association, January 19, 2016.
11 Sarah Kearney, Fiona Murray, and Matthew Nordan, “A New Vision for Funding Science,” Stanford Social Innovation Review, Fall 2014.