Winter 2009

Volume 7, Number 1

In the winter 2009 issue of Stanford Social Innovation Review, “The New Volunteer Workforce” highlights just how poor a job most nonprofits do of utilizing volunteers—to the tune of $38 billion a year in lost labor. This is an area worth focusing on, as retiring baby boomers begin to turn their attention to volunteer opportunities. And, in “Romanticizing the Poor,” Aneel Karnani tackles the fundamental flaws in viewing those at the “bottom of the pyramid” as fledgling entrepreneurs who only need a small boost in order to turn their lives around.

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Social Innovations

Calculated Impact

By Paul Brest, Hal Harvey, & Kelvin Low

By estimating the social return on their investments, funders can deploy their dollars more effectively. To demonstrate the power of these calculations, the authors show how three organizations—the Robin Hood Foundation, Acumen Fund, and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation—use cost-benefit analysis to evaluate their ongoing programs, choose mission investments, and plan long-term strategies.

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Romanticizing the Poor

By Aneel Karnani 17

Market solutions to poverty, which include services and products targeting consumers at the “bottom of the pyramid,” portray poor people as creative entrepreneurs and discerning consumers. Yet this rosy view of poverty-stricken people is not only wrong, but also harmful.

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Lobbying for Good

By Kyle Peterson & Marc Pfitzer 1

In their efforts to be socially responsible, most companies fail to wield their most powerful tool: lobbying. Yet corporations such as Mary Kay, Royal Dutch Shell, and General Motors are increasingly leveraging their deep pockets, government contacts, and persuasive powers for the cause of good. Not all kinds of socially responsible lobbying are created equal, however. The authors discuss which forms are best for companies and society.

What's Next

Social Innovations

Let’s Share

By Jennifer Roberts

A new evaluation tool allows donors and investors to track their investments and compare their data to those of organizations doing similar work.


Food or Fuel?

By Jennifer Roberts 1

Mathematical tool helps countries weigh the pros and cons of using biofuel.

Social Innovations

Beyond Microfinance

By Jennifer Roberts

Two new players in the world's social investing scene seek financial returns along with social impact.

Social Innovations

Let’s Play Microloan

By Jennifer Roberts

Kids win beads and help give loans to entrepreneurs in developing countries.


GreenNote Friends

By Jennifer Roberts

GreenNote helps students with no credit history obtain college loans.


Jolly Old Eco-land

By Jennifer Roberts

Britain tries building carbon-neutral housing to address its housing shortage.

Field Report

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Nau and Again

By Suzie Boss

When Nau, an outdoor clothing start-up from Portland, Ore., launched in 2005, word on the street had it that the company would push socially responsible business to new heights. But barely a year after putting its earth-toned parkas and virgin merino wool sweaters up for sale in its übercool “webfront” stores, Nau pulled the plug. Find out how Nau tried on too much, too fast.

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Eyeing Talent

By Corey Harris

VisionSpring picks promising social entrepreneurs to restore the eyesight of poor people.

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Clean Sweep

By Suzie Boss 5

E + Co connects the dots between energy, poverty, and the environment.

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Clicking for Smart CSR

By Abby Rubin

National Instrument's partnerships not only energize science education, but also boost the company's brand and employee morale.

Left: An engineer readies her robot at the 2008 FIRST Lego League World Festival, an annual competition that brings together teams of students to show off their engineering chops. Powering her robot was sophisticated software developed by National Instruments. Her team, the Power Peeps of Swartz Creek, Mich., placed third.

Case Study

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In the Black with BRAC

By Kim Jonker 9

Serving more than 110 million people per year, BRAC is the largest nonprofit in the world. Yet it doesn't receive the most charitable donations. Instead, BRAC's social enterprises generate 80 percent of the organization's annual budget. These revenues have allowed the organization to develop, test, and replicate some of the world's most innovative antipoverty programs.



But Does It Work?

By Jed Emerson

How best to assess program performance.

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Social Innovations

Full Scale Ahead

By Dorothy Stoneman

To grow to full scale, serving 50,000 students a year, YouthBuild's federal funding must increase from $60 million to $125 million annually. Local programs will also need to raise $250 million annually from state and local education and criminal justice funds, and from private donors. How does YouthBuild plan to achieve this breakthrough and help five times as many people?


Global Issues

Starting Up Women

By Alana Conner

Successful entrepreneurs show characteristics of both men and women.

Global Issues

We Hate Heroes

By Alana Conner

We don't necessarily like people who do the right thing.


Objects of Power

By Alana Conner

Leaders should rethink how they treat their subordinates.

Global Issues

The Ties That Mobilize

By Alana Conner

Group attachment and commitment are what drive protesters to act.


Thomas S. Kuhn

Inspiring Innovation

Review By Jessica Jackley Flannery 2

The Structure of Scientific Revolutions by Thomas S. Kuhn

Inside the Business
of Modern Slavery
Siddharth Kara

An Unconscionable Business

Review By Holly Burkhalter

Sex Trafficking: Inside the Business of Modern Slavery by Siddharth Kara

A Neuroscientist Reveals
How to Think Differently
Gregory Berns
Social Innovations

Great Minds Think Different

Review By Robert J. Sternberg

Iconoclast: A Neuroscientist Reveals How to Think Differently by Gregory Berns

How the
Rich Can Save the World
Matthew Bishop &
Michael Green
Social Innovations

The New Noblesse Oblige

Review By Joel Fleishman 1

Philanthrocapitalism: How the Rich Can Save the World by Matthew Bishop & Michael Green


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Q&A: William Brindley

By Eric Nee

William Brindley spent most of his career keeping financial institutions at the leading edge of technology. Now, as CEO of the nonprofit consortium NetHope, he is using those same skills to help nonprofits do the same. NetHope now has 25 member organizations, among them Save the Children, Mercy Corps, Oxfam, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, and Catholic Relief Services.

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