Spring 2011

Volume 9, Number 2

One of the questions that social entrepreneurs confront early is whether to incorporate as a for-profit, a nonprofit, or something in between. In the spring 2011 issue of Stanford Social Innovation Review we feature two articles that tackle that subject. The first, “For Love or Lucre,” provides a series of questions that helps social entrepreneurs think through this issue. The second; “A New Type of Hybrid,” explains the ins-and-outs of organizations that combine for-profit and nonprofit legal structures.

View the digital edition and download the PDF.


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Picking Green Tech’s Winners and Losers

By Clayton M. Christensen, Suman ("Shuman") Talukdar, Richard Alton, & Michael B. Horn 9

Unless clean tech follows well-established rules of innovation and commercialization, the industry’s promise to provide sustainable sources of energy will fail.

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Letting Go

By Kristi Kimball & Malka Kopell 4

Two insiders explore why foundations micromanage how social problems are solved and explore what grant makers can do to foster high impact strategies.

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Social Entrepreneurship

For Love or Lucre

By Jim Fruchterman 24

A veteran social entrepreneur provides a guide to those who are thinking through the thorny question of whether to create a nonprofit, a for-profit, or something in between.

What’s Next

Impact Investing

A Toniic for Start-Ups

By Suzie Boss 1

Impact Investors at Toniic aim to create an ecosystem for investing in social entrepreneurs that mirrors the Silicon Valley way of doing deals.

Field Report

Case Study

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Social Entrepreneurship

Better Vision for the Poor

By Aneel Karnani, Bernard Garrette, Jordan Kassalow, & Moses Lee 10

Several social enterprises are attempting to provide eyeglasses to the 500 million to 1 billion poor people who need them. Why haven’t any of the organizations succeeded on a large scale?


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Civil Society

It Takes Three to Tango

By Johan Van de Gronden 6

A European perspective on American civil society. A quick glance at the latest

thinking about not-for-profit management and philanthropy

reveals some profound differences between the ways American and

European practitioners look at today’s major societal challenges.



Economic Influence

By Jessica Ruvinsky

Private foundations that finance education in developing countries need to be more transparent in their mission and impact.

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Combining Warmth and Competence

By Jessica Ruvinsky

People tend to perceive organizations as being either warm or competent, not both—and they are much more likely to do business with the competent one.


20UNDER40 Edited by Edward P. Clapp

Passing the Mic

Review By Marc Vogl

20Under40: Re-Inventing the Arts and Arts Education for the 21st Century Edited by Edward P. Clapp


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Technology & Design

Richard Jefferson

By Johanna Mair

Richard Jefferson believes that biotechnology can be used to benefit the poor and disenfranchised, but only if the R&D process is democratized.

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